New documents reveal that the University of Utah has repeatedly violated federal animal welfare laws and guidelines that regulate the treatment of animals in its laboratories. As reported in the Salt Lake Tribune, these inexcusable incidents have led to the suffering and deaths of monkeys, rabbits, lambs, rats, and mice. Even though experimenters have flagrantly ignored even the minimal rules offering some protection to animals, they have escaped punishment, and the university has been allowed to keep all the taxpayer funds squandered on botched experiments that hurt and killed animals.
A Lamb Dies in an Unapproved TestOn April 6, 2017, a 2-month-old lamb became the victim of rogue experimenter Kurt Albertine, records show. This baby was to be subjected to a pulmonary function test—but Albertine had never received approval to perform this procedure from the university’s animal use oversight committee. Such approval is mandatory for all experiments. Nor did Albertine have permission to use the drug methacholine, which can cause cardiac arrhythmia. Almost immediately after being administered the drug, the lamb began experiencing labored breathing and died. A necropsy indicated that the cause of death was cardiac arrest. A subsequent internal investigation by the university revealed that at least 20 other lambs had been forced to undergo this unapproved experimental procedure.
Despite these violations of both university policy and federal regulations, Albertine has been allowed to keep the $449,072 grant of taxpayer money that he received from the National Institutes of Health.
In Kurt Albertine’s University of Utah laboratory, pregnant sheep are housed in barren stalls, where they never feel the sun on their backs or grass beneath their feet. (Photo from PETA’s 2009 eyewitness investigation)
A Monkey Is Tortured and Killed in the Laboratory of Alessandra AngelucciOn December 21, 2015, a marmoset monkey underwent a grueling, highly invasive surgery and neurological recording session in the laboratory of Alessandra Angelucci. Laboratory staff attempted for up to three hours to find a vein in order to insert an IV catheter into the monkey for delivery of fluids, a standard and usually straightforward procedure when inducing anesthesia. When they couldn’t manage to accomplish this, the experimenters—who aren’t veterinarians—recklessly decided to proceed with their surgical plans anyway, which included removing a portion of the monkey’s skull and inserting electrodes into his brain. During periods when he was awake for invasive neurological recording, he was repeatedly and painfully injected with ketamine, which would have been woefully inadequate for managing pain, and a paralytic agent to stop eye movement. After the torturous 14-hour surgery and recording procedure, he was dumped back into his cage, where laboratory staff reported that he was “groggy” and not eating or drinking. Less than 24 hours later, he was dead.
A PETA expert veterinarian reviewed the records from this incident and concluded that the monkey “most certainly suffered as a direct result of the experimenters, who caused his death due to improper administration of anesthetic drugs, failure to administer proper physiological support during and after anesthesia, failure to maintain body temperature … and failure to provide adequate analgesia for painful procedures.”
In September of 2017, the USDA found that this incident constituted a “critical” violation of the federal Animal Welfare Act, the most severe violation that can be identified by an inspector. But so far, the university has been allowed to keep all the federal grant money that it was awarded for this project, despite breaking the law, botching a surgery, and killing a monkey through negligence.
In just one recent year alone, Angelucci’s cruel experiments have cost taxpayers $510,000.
Highly intelligent monkeys are confined to tiny stainless-steel cages in University of Utah laboratories. (Photos from PETA’s 2009 eyewitness investigation)
Two Rabbits Undergo 'Prolonged' Euthanasia in Laboratory of Robert MarcStaff in Robert Marc’s laboratory planned to kill two rabbits by placing them each in a box and filling it with isoflurane, an inhalant commonly used to induce anesthesia. After 20 minutes, one of the rabbits was still alive, and showed no signs of impending death. So they decided to kill the rabbit with urethane—a carcinogenic agent that is expressly labeled “unacceptable” by the American Veterinary Medical Association’s (AVMA) Guidelines on Euthanasia because it causes a prolonged and painful death. They then proceeded to use the same inhumane technique to kill the second rabbit.
In only one year of funding, Robert Marc’s experiments received $543,711 in taxpayer money.
Hundreds of rabbits are caged and used in experiments at the University of Utah every year. (Photos from PETA’s 2009 eyewitness investigation)
Death by Dry Ice and HeatMice and rats receive no legal protection under the Animal Welfare Act (AWA). Predictably, this “anything goes” situation creates an environment in which experimenters can negligently harm and kill them. In one instance, a University of Utah experimenter intentionally turned the ambient temperature in a room housing mice up to 98 degrees without permission from the school’s oversight committee (and for reasons the documents don’t explain). Laboratory staff soon found 18 mice, who were already being housed in crowded, stuffy cages, dead of heat exhaustion. In another laboratory on campus, an unknown number of mice were deliberately killed with dry ice. The carbon dioxide gas gradually displaced the oxygen in the container in which the mice were held. This method of euthanasia, in which animals slowly asphyxiate, is expressly forbidden by campus policy and federal grant guidelines.
The mice in these incidents were used in projects that received a total of more than $1 million in taxpayer funding in a single year. Even though experimenters violated federal rules and killed animals in crude ways, the university was allowed to keep its taxpayer funding for these projects.
The University of Utah’s Track Record of Abuse
Footage from PETA’s 2009 eyewitness investigation shows that animals have suffered in University of Utah laboratories for many years.
In August 2016, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) sent the university an official warning for repeatedly violating the Animal Welfare Act. The warning was prompted by an incident in which a monkey known only as “112215M” was negligently and severely burned during a surgery. Laboratory staff had failed to monitor the animal’s temperature during the surgery, resulting in burns that were so severe, the monkey had to be euthanized.
Five years earlier, the USDA had issued the university another official warning. This one came on the heels of PETA’s eyewitness investigation of the facility. The USDA found at least nine separate violations of the Animal Welfare Act, including allowing a kitten to die of dehydration, keeping calves restrained without being able to stand up or walk for days at a time, failing to provide adequate pain relief, and housing animals in severely crowded cages.
PETA’s investigation uncovered that the university had been purchasing dogs and cats from area shelters for use in cruel and deadly experiments. In one case, the university obtained a friendly dog named Sunny for use in lethal heart experiments. University staff scanned her for a microchip and discovered that she belonged to a local rescue organization. But it was never contacted, and the dog was soon used in an experiment and killed. Following a vigorous and hard-fought PETA campaign, the University of Utah ended its longstanding practice of purchasing dogs and cats from nearby shelters for use in laboratory experiments.
Sunny had a microchip that traced her back to a reputable rescue organization, but university experimenters killed her in a heart experiment anyway.
You Can Help Stop This!PETA has filed a complaint with the USDA over these recent incidents as well as complaints with the agencies that have funded the experiments. We are asking that authorities punish the university and that the institution be compelled to repay taxpayer funds that were awarded during these periods of flagrant rule violations.
While pressure from PETA has already led to remarkable changes at the University of Utah, the school’s continued disregard for the lives of sentient beings has apparently created a culture of noncompliance with welfare regulations. It’s high time that the experimenters at this institution faced actual, tangible consequences for such unethical practices.