PETA Undercover Investigation

Desperate Dogs Warehoused and Bred in Prison-Like Factory That Sells Them for Experimentation

A 2021 PETA undercover investigation found 5,000 beagle dogs and puppies intensively confined to small, barren kennels and cages 24/7 at a massive breeding factory in Cumberland, Virginia. During the course of the investigation, the facility was owned and operated by Envigo.

Update (May 21, 2022): On May 18, 2022, federal agents began executing a search warrant at Envigo and seized 145 dogs and puppies veterinarians found in need of immediate veterinary treatment or other care for life-threatening illnesses, injuries, or other conditions. On May 19, 2022, the U.S. Department of Justice filed a complaint against Envigo, asking a federal court to “permanently enjoin and restrain Envigo from violating the AWA.”

Today, Senior U.S. District Court Judge Norman K. Moon issued a temporary restraining order in the United States’ civil case against Envigo. The court concluded, “[T]he Government has provided sufficient evidence that Envigo is engaged in serious and ongoing violations of the Animal Welfare Act, and that an immediate temporary restraining order must issue to put a halt to such violations pending further proceedings.” The court ordered that Envigo “[i]mmediately cease breeding, selling, or otherwise dealing in beagles at the Cumberland Facility, until in full compliance with [the order’s other requirements].”

Please continue to make your voice heard for the dogs remaining at this prison-like breeding facility. Demand that the U.S. Department of Agriculture finally suspend the company’s license to operate, preventing more dogs from enduring the same fate!

Video take action USDA Findings


Since July 2021, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has cited Envigo for more than 70 violations of the federal Animal Welfare Act (AWA), and the agency corroborated PETA’s findings. Read the USDA’s findings and inspection reports here.

The dogs had no beds, no toys, no stimulation—no real lives. For more than 50 years, various companies have bred them at this dog factory farm to sell to laboratories for experimentation.

The dogs were kept in sheds that stretched as long as a football field and were deafeningly loud when hundreds of them barked at once. The noise level reached over 117 decibels—louder than a rock concert—and of course, the dogs have no way to escape from the virtually constant noise. Dogs’ hearing is much more sensitive than humans’—they hear sounds that we cannot and from much farther away.

The crowded and stressful conditions cause the animals to fight, often resulting in injuries, especially to their ears.

Female dogs are bred repeatedly for years. Many gave birth to puppies on the hard floor.

A supervisor found one pregnant dog afflicted with a fever. The next day, a worker found her “dead—like stiff as a board,” with “two puppies in her and … they had torn through her uterus [and] were just kind of floating around in her abdomen. So all like … the afterbirth … was all … in her stomach. And I think that just led to a massive infection.”

Dead and Dying Puppies: An Almost Daily Occurrence

Over the course of the investigation, PETA’s eyewitness found more than 350 puppies dead among their live littermates and mothers. Some puppies had been inadvertently crushed to death by their mothers inside the cramped cages, while others suffered from hydrocephalus (in which fluid builds up inside the skull and puts pressure on the brain), were eviscerated, or just couldn’t survive the harsh conditions.

One Monday, PETA’s investigator found a puppy whose body was split open, was rotting, and smelled rancid in a cage with the puppy’s mother and littermates. A worker said, “That puppy’s probably been in there since Friday.”

Some puppies fell through holes in the cages and ended up in drains, soaking wet and covered with feces, bedding, and waste. Typically, they did not survive.

PETA’s investigator brought one such puppy to a supervisor and the site manager, who responded, “Shit.” As staff discussed putting the puppy in with a nearby nursing dog, the site manager said of dogs in the room, “Honest to God, those fuckers are so close[ly] related … we’re probably not that far off.” The next morning, PETA’s investigator found the puppy dead.

Conscious Puppies Killed by Intracardiac Injection—Excruciating and Unacceptable

Workers put some puppies down by trying to inject euthanasia solution into their hearts while they were conscious and able to feel the needle penetrating their chest, contrary to veterinary guidelines for euthanasia.

After a worker denied that he needed to sedate one conscious puppy before putting her down, the puppy raised her head. When PETA’s investigator pointed out that “she’s still … awake,” the worker did not respond. He just put the needle into the animal’s chest and injected the solution.

A supervisor was aware of this practice and knew that at least one worker engaged in it. Some workers did little—or nothing at all—to verify that animals were dead before putting them into plastic bags.

Soaking Animals and Food With High-Pressure Water

Nursing mothers and their puppies were left in cages while a supervisor and others sprayed the cages with a high-pressure hose. The dogs were left soaking wet.

Careless spraying also left food moldy and rotting, and maggots sometimes infested puppies’ food.

In addition, the facility caged cats in desolate rooms, where they were desperate for attention.

Lay Workers With No Veterinary Credentials ‘Diagnosing’ and Cutting Open Dogs

When dogs were sick or injured, lay workers tried to diagnose and treat them.

A supervisor inserted a needle into a puppy’s head, without anesthetics or analgesics, in a crude attempt to drain fluid from a wound. The puppy cried out, loudly—so the supervisor tried to hold his mouth shut.

Workers who were not veterinarians—or even veterinary technicians—cut prolapsed tissue off puppies’ eyes, stitched dogs’ prolapsed penises, and even cut puppies out of sedated dogs’ abdomens before putting the mothers down.

They were expected to perform “necropsies” by cutting open puppies’ remains in an attempt to determine their cause of death.

Standard Operating Procedures and the Suffering They Caused

Workers were instructed to use clamps to remove newborn puppies’ dewclaws—where bone meets nail—without any pain relief.

Workers were also tasked with pressing needled clamps into puppies’ ears—as their mothers looked on—and then rub paint into the resulting holes to tattoo them. Dozens of puppies were tattooed three times—first with the wrong information, the second time with “X”s over the mistakes, and then again with the intended tattoo.

Refusing to Follow the Feds’ Directives and Conspiring to Conceal It

For their final 48 hours with the puppies, workers intentionally deprived nursing mothers of food. According to a supervisor, USDA inspectors told management in July to feed the dogs through their last nursing day, but the supervisor refused and continued to deny the mother dogs even half a cup of kibble.

After telling PETA’s investigator and another worker that nursing dogs “did not get fed,” the supervisor cautioned, “[I]f too many people know it, it’s gonna get out that’s what we’re doing, and then it’s gonna get bad.” Later, the supervisor encouraged workers to say that they were feeding nursing mothers—if they were asked about it—even though they had been instructed not to.

Help Dogs Like Samson!

Dogs like 8-year-old Samson know only concrete, steel, and the deafening cries of the thousands of other beagles who are being raised to be shipped to laboratories around the world. But thanks to PETA’s investigator, he’s free from the dog prison’s barren cages and other horrors.

Samson’s Story

The USDA is authorized by law to suspend Envigo’s license for 21 days. Yet the agency has taken no action in this case to stop the violations.

Demand that the U.S. Department of Agriculture finally suspend the company’s license to operate, preventing more dogs from enduring the same fate! 

Undercover Investigation: Desperate Dogs Warehoused and Bred in a Prison-Like Factory That Sells Them for Experimentation

Take Action Now!

All fields in bold are mandatory.
Get texts & occasional phone calls for Action Alerts, local events, & other updates to help animals with PETA! (optional)
  By clicking, you agree to receive automated texts and calls from PETA and accept our terms and conditions. Message and data rates may apply. U.S. mobile users only. You can opt-out anytime.
View Message +
By submitting this form, you are agreeing to our collection, storage, use, and disclosure of your personal info in accordance with our privacy policy as well as to receiving e-mails from us.

Virginia legislators introduced landmark bills after PETA’s investigation into Envigo and the USDA issued a scathing new inspection report. If you’re a Virginia resident, learn how you can urge your governor to protect these animals.

Virginians: Ask Your Legislators to Support Beagle Protection Bills!

If you think you have what it takes to carry out undercover investigations like this one, we want to hear from you. Click here to express your gratitude to the investigator who exposed this cruelty.

Take Action!